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世界竹藤通讯  2020, Vol. 18 Issue (5): 1-9     https://doi.org/10.12168/sjzttx.2020.05.001
  学术园地 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
非洲主要国家竹种资源与利用
李智勇1, Wondimagegn Bekele2, Trinh Thang3, 吴君琦3, 郝颖3, 傅金和2, 李楠1, 王简1
1. 国际竹藤中心 北京 100102;
2. 国际竹藤组织东非区域办事处 亚的斯亚贝巴;
3. 国际竹藤组织总部 北京 100102
Main Bamboo Species in Africa Countries and Their Utilization
Li Zhiyong1, Wondimagegn Bekele2, Trinh Thang3, Wu Junqi3, Hao Ying3, Fu Jinhe2, Li Nan1, Wang Jian1
1. International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, Beijing 100102, China;
2. INBAR East Africa Regional Office, Addis Ababa;
3. International Bamboo and Rattan Organization(INBAR), Beijing 100102, China
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摘要 非洲是世界第3大竹资源分布区,竹资源量仅次于亚洲和拉丁美洲。东部非洲的埃塞俄比亚、肯尼亚等国家的竹种资源比较单一,以高地竹和低地竹为主;南部非洲的马达加斯加、中部非洲的喀麦隆和西部非洲的尼日利亚等国家竹种资源较为丰富。埃塞俄比亚、尼日利亚、喀麦隆、马达加斯加、刚果、莫桑比克、塞内加尔、加纳的竹林面积位居非洲前列。非洲竹资源加工利用主要以传统产品为主,现代加工水平不高,竹产品进出口水平有限。近年来,非洲主要竹资源分布国的竹产业战略与政策发展以及国际合作日渐活跃并取得积极进展。文章分析了非洲21个国家的竹资源及利用现状,以期为开发利用非洲竹资源提供参考。
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李智勇
Wondimagegn Bekele
Trinh Thang
吴君琦
郝颖
傅金和
李楠
王简
关键词 竹种资源分布利用非洲    
Abstract:Africa has the world's third largest stock of bamboo resource, only next to Asia and Latin America. In Ethiopia, Kenya and other countries of Eastern Africa, where there is a limited diversity of bamboo species, highland bamboo and lowland bamboo are the most common. In Madagascar of Southern Africa, Cameroon of Central Africa, Nigeria of Western Africa and other African countries that boast a richer bamboo resources, species are more diversified. Ethiopia, Nigeria, Cameroon, Madagascar, Congo, Mozambique, Senegal and Ghana rank top in terms of bamboo forest area. Lacking in modern processing technology, the bamboo industry in Africa mainly utilizes the plant for traditional products, with the imports and exports on a very limited scale. Recent years have seen more active efforts and positive progress on the development of bamboo industrial strategies and policies and on related international cooperation in main bamboo-growing countries in Africa. This paper analyzes the bamboo resources in 21 African countries and their utilization, in order to provide references for the development and utilization of bamboo resources in Africa.
Key wordsbamboo species    distribution    utilization    Africa
     出版日期: 2020-11-11
基金资助:国际竹藤中心基本科研业务费项目“‘一带一路’国家竹产业技术发展模式评价与产业技术清单研究”(1632019004)。
作者简介: 李智勇,博士,研究员,国际竹藤中心绿色经济首席专家,国际竹藤组织前副总干事,主要从事林业经济、战略和政策研究等方面的相关研究。E-mail:zyli@icbr.ac.cn;Wondimagegn Bekele,硕士,国际竹藤组织埃塞俄比亚区域办事处技术官员,主要从事热带林业管理方面的研究。E-mail:wbbiliso@inbar.int。
引用本文:   
李智勇, Wondimagegn Bekele, Trinh Thang, 吴君琦, 郝颖, 傅金和, 李楠, 王简. 非洲主要国家竹种资源与利用[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2020, 18(5): 1-9.
Li Zhiyong, Wondimagegn Bekele, Trinh Thang, Wu Junqi, Hao Ying, Fu Jinhe, Li Nan, Wang Jian. Main Bamboo Species in Africa Countries and Their Utilization. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2020, 18(5): 1-9.
链接本文:  
http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/10.12168/sjzttx.2020.05.001      或      http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/Y2020/V18/I5/1
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