Abstract：Bamboo, one of the most multi-functional products available, is growing fast in international recognition for its economic, ecologic and social benefits. However, in general, it is in early stage of development and no country has fulfilled its whole industrial potential. As a building material, bamboo is proving to be a strong ally in revitalizing of sub-developed regions, being the rural tourism the main context to operate. Here is reviewed the status of two bamboo industries. The Chinese, although is the #1 bamboo producer still has many communities subtilizing their own bamboo resources due the fast urbanization process of rural China. And the Mexican, despite the ecologic and market ideal conditions remains underdeveloped due lack of support from the Federal government. In both cases, bamboo architecture acts as key tool for further development. This article presents two bamboo architecture projects in rural China, one in a sub-developed village in process of transformation into a rural tourism attraction, surrounded by bamboo forest in Hubei province; and the other in a wealthier region in Shandong province but without natural bamboo resources. Building with bamboo in rural Hubei forces the locals to organize stocks of material, raise its quality, and sell it to regions who lacks of it, such as Shandong. On the other hand, the bamboo architecture for Mexico serves as a "bridge" to receive the technology transfer from China during the next 6-12 years, helping to restore the rule of law during the change of political regimen which began in 2018 focusing in the reinforcement of the ethnic identities. It is shown that, regardless if a bamboo industry is in its early stage of development (Mexico) or is near to be fully completed (China), it is possible to create attractive bamboo architecture that boosts the rural tourism and the whole industry since as raw material is ready to receive innovative approaches that inspire the interest of locals to manage their own bamboo, the material of the future.
作者简介: Daniel Stamatis,墨西哥人,华中科技大学博士研究生。其研究课题是"分析竹子作为一种建筑材料在中国传统村落复兴中的作用:乡村旅游发展战略"。2011年,曾在哥伦比亚接受Jorg Stamm的竹子建筑培训;2012年,在杭州中国竹子研究中心接受竹子栽培、加工和利用培训;2016年,获南京林业大学风景园林硕士学位。E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org。
Daniel Stamatis, 谭刚毅. 建筑在中国墨西哥竹子技术转移中的作用——对乡村旅游业的直接影响[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2018, 16(6): 6-12.
Daniel Stamatis, Tan Gangyi. The Role of Architecture during the Bamboo Tech-Transfer China to Mexico: Direct Implication in Rural Tourism. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2018, 16(6): 6-12.
 Dixon P G, Ahvenainen P, Aijazi A N, et al. Comparison of the structure and flexural properties of Moso, Guadua and Tre Gai bamboo[J]. Construction and Building Materials, 2015(90):11-17.  Lugt P V D. Booming Bamboo:the (re)discovery of a sustainable material with endless possibilities[M]. Jeroen van Oostveen:2017.  Yu H Q, Jiang Z H, Hse C Y, et al. Selected physical and mechanical properties of moso bamboo (phyllostachys pubescens)[J]. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 2008, 20(4):258-263.  Li P, Zhou G, Du H, Lu D, et al.Current and potential carbon stocks in moso bamboo forests in China[J]. Journal of Environmental Management, 2015(156):89-96.  INBAR Annual Report 2017[R].[2018-06-20]. https://resource.inbar.int/upload/file/1527233129.pdf.  Gao J, Wu B. Revitalizing traditional villages through rural tourism:a case study of Yuanjia Village, Shaanxi Province, China[J]. Tourism Management, 2017(63):223-233.  Yang R, Xu Q, Long H. Spatial distribution characteristics and optimized reconstruction analysis of China's rural settlements during the process of rapid urbanization[J]. Journal of Rural Studies, 2016, 47(47):413-424.  Botz-Bornstein T. Wang Shu and the possibilities of architectural regionalism in China[J]. Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 2009, 21(1):14.  Lopez-Barrera F, Martinez-Garza C, Ceccon E. Ecologia de la restauracion en Mexico:estado actualy perspectivas[J]. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 2017(88):97-112.  Ruiz-Sanchez E, Mendoza-Gonzalez G, Rojas-Soto O. Mexican priority bamboo species under scenarios of climate change[J]. Botanical Sciences, 2018, 96(1):11-23.  Lorenzo R, Lee C, Olivia-Salinas J G, et al. BIM bamboo:a digital design framework for bamboo culms[J]. Structures and Buildings, 2017, 170(14):295-302.  Lugt P V D, Thanglong T, King C. Carbon sequestration and carbon emissions reduction through bamboo forests and products[R]. INBAR, 2018.  Pauli G. The blue economy[EB/OL].[2018-08-12]. https://www.theblueeconomy.org.  Flynn A, Chan K W, Zhu H Z, et al. Sustainability, space and supply chains:the role of bamboo in Anji County, China[J]. Journal of Rural Studies, 2017(49):128-139.  Lu H F, Cai C J, Zeng X S, et al. Bamboo vs. crops:an integrated energy and economic evaluation of using bamboo to replace crops in south Sichuan Province, China[J]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2018(177):464-473.