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世界竹藤通讯  2018, Vol. 16 Issue (4): 32-35     https://doi.org/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2018.04.007
  学术园地 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
花毛竹秆色特征和类型划分研究
曾庆南, 余林, 程平, 王海霞, 彭九生
江西省林业科学院 南昌 330013
A Study of Culm Color Characteristic and Type Classification of Phyllostachys edulis cv. Tao kiang
Zeng Qingnan, Yu Lin, Cheng Ping, Wang Haixia, Peng Jiusheng
Jiangxi Academy of Forestry, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, China
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摘要 以江西省林业科学院竹种园和江西省遂川县五指峰林场栽植的花毛竹为研究对象,观测研究了花毛竹秆黄绿色条纹的数量、宽度等秆色特征,拟定了花毛竹类型的划分标准并进行了类型划分。结果表明:花毛竹秆黄绿色条纹总数为8~44条,平均值为24条,花毛竹秆黄色条纹宽度所占比率为9.15%~87.50%,绿色条纹宽度所占比率为12.50%~90.85%,黄色条纹最小宽度变幅比绿色条纹最小宽度变幅小,而黄色条纹最大宽度变幅与绿色条纹最大宽度变幅相近。花毛竹秆黄色条纹比率在不同单株和不同节间存在一定的差异,可以将其作为花毛竹类型的划分指标。以秆色条纹出现部位和黄色条纹比率为划分指标,将花毛竹分为金丝型花毛竹、绿条型花毛竹、黄条型花毛竹、金条型花毛竹、黄槽型花毛竹和绿槽型花毛竹6个类型。
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曾庆南
余林
程平
王海霞
彭九生
关键词 花毛竹秆色黄色条纹绿色条纹类型划分    
AbstractPhyllostachys edulis cv. Tao kiang was chosen at bamboo species orchard of Jiangxi Academy of Forestry and Wuzhifeng Forest Farm of Suichuan County in Sichuan Province for observing and studying its culm characteristics including the quantity and width of yellow-green stripes so as to develop the standard for Ph. edulis cv. Tao kiang types classification and classify the bamboo into different types. The results indicated that the total number of yellow-green stripes of Ph. edulis cv. Tao kiang was within the range of 8 to 44, with the average at 24. The proportion of the yellow stripes width was 9.15% to 87.50%, while the proportion of the green stripes width was 12.50% to 90.85%. The minimum width variable amplitude of the yellow stripes was smaller than that of the green stripes. However, the largest width variable amplitude of the yellow stripes and the green stripes were similar. There were some differences in yellow stripes ratio between different culms and different nodes, and therefore the yellow stripes ratio could be used as the indicator for types classification of Ph. edulis cv. Tao kiang. With the position of culm color stripe and yellow stripes ratio as the classification indicators, Ph. edulis cv. Tao kiang could be divided into 6 types, i.e., golden wire type, green stripe type, yellow stripe type, golden stripe type, yellow groove type and green groove type.
Key wordsPhyllostachys edulis cv. Tao kiang    culm color    yellow stripe    green stripe    type classification
     出版日期: 2018-09-03
基金资助:江西省林业科学院社会公益类研究项目(编号:2017510901)。
作者简介: 曾庆南,男,高级工程师,主要从事竹林资源培育研究。E-mail:zengqingnan66@126.com。
引用本文:   
曾庆南, 余林, 程平, 王海霞, 彭九生. 花毛竹秆色特征和类型划分研究[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2018, 16(4): 32-35.
Zeng Qingnan, Yu Lin, Cheng Ping, Wang Haixia, Peng Jiusheng. A Study of Culm Color Characteristic and Type Classification of Phyllostachys edulis cv. Tao kiang. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2018, 16(4): 32-35.
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http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2018.04.007      或      http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/Y2018/V16/I4/32
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