Abstract：Phyllostachys violascens is a variant of Ph. praecox. It is a traditional and excellent bamboo species for shoot production in China and boasts a long cultivation history as a food source. During a long-term natural evolving and artificial cultivation, many cultivation forms (provenance) have been produced and found. The study made the introduction trials on 10 different cultivated forms (provenance). The results showed that the survival rate, shooting rate and shoot number were significantly different among the 10 forms. The research results laid the foundation for further screening excellent cultivated forms of Ph. praecox for shoot producing.