Chimonobambusa quadrangularis ‘Qingchengcui’, A New Bamboo Cultivar, as Main Food For the Giant Panda
Wu Jinxu1, Shi Junyi1, Zhou Dequn2, Yin Xianxiao3, Yao Jun1, Liu Yutao3
1. Flower Research and Development Center of Southwest China, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China; 2. Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650550, China; 3. Dujiangyan Dengluyuan Agricultural Co., Ltd., Chengdu 611800, China
Abstract：Chimonobambusa quadrangularis ‘Qingchengcui’ is a new bamboo cultivar from Ch.quadrangularis (Fenzi) Makino in Chimonobambusa Makino of Bambusoideae. In 2003, the cultivar was found in the plantation of Ch.quadrangularis,Wanjia Town (now renamed as Wenjingjiang Town) of Chongzhou City, Sichuan Province. At the same time, this bamboo cultivar was introduced into Taoyuan Village of Daguan Town and Longfeng Village of Yutang Town, in Dujiangyuan City, as the main food source for the giant panda. The new cultivar was developed by further optimization, separation and cultivation from Ch. quadrangularis. The key differences between ‘Qingchengcui’ and ‘Quadrangularis’, a cultivated form of Ch. Quadrangularis are that the spine-aerial root on the former are well developed; the bamboo shoots show emerald and the emerald part takes a half of the shoot; the color of whole bamboo is gorgeous; the shoots are more crisp and tender and taste better than ‘Quadrangularis’. Both of people and giant panda like to eat the shoots. The spine-aerial root on the culm base of the latter is less developed than the former, and the bamboo shoots are yellow with slight green tips. The overall bamboo is mono-colored. The giant pandas have a relatively lower appetite for ‘Quadrangularis’ shoots as food.
吴劲旭, 史军义, 周德群, 尹显孝, 姚俊, 刘宇韬. 大熊猫主食竹一新品种‘青城翠’[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2018, 16(1): 39-41.
Wu Jinxu, Shi Junyi, Zhou Dequn, Yin Xianxiao, Yao Jun, Liu Yutao. Chimonobambusa quadrangularis ‘Qingchengcui’, A New Bamboo Cultivar, as Main Food For the Giant Panda. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2018, 16(1): 39-41.