Abstract：Ethnic bamboo culture is the fruit of Chinese ethnic minorities' understanding nature, utilizing nature and protecting nature. The culture has multiple values after thousand years' heritage and development. Developing Yunnan ethnic bamboo cultural tourism industry meets the strategic development of "Belt and Road" Initiative and the important measure to build China's southwest region as well. In addition, it is significant to advance, inherit and preserve distinctive ethnic culture and promote the ecological civilization construction. This paper analyzed the tourism development values of Yunnan ethnic bamboo culture, and also discussed the advantages and disadvantages of tourism development. Finally, some suggestions were proposed to enhance the unification of bamboo resources development and protection in the industry development.