Abstract：Phyllostachys violascens is a important species for bamboo shoots, with early shooting and sweet and fresh shoots. It is endemic to Zhejiang Province, and has been successfully introduced to Jiangxi Province in recent years, which attracted high attention from forest farmers and related local authorities. Between 2010 and 2016, the planting area of Ph. violascens has soared from 1333 ha to 10000 ha in Jiangxi, and their economic benefits have been looming as the mean outputs has grown beyond 30000 yuan per 667 m2. This paper reviewed the Ph. violascens industry development in the province, analyzed the main problems found in the development and came up with the development countermeasures accordingly.