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世界竹藤通讯  2017, Vol. 15 Issue (4): 13-17,31     https://doi.org/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2017.04.003
  学术园地 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
广西特有竹种及其保护研究
黄大勇1, 黄大志2, 李立杰1, 徐振国1, 李娟1
1 广西林业科学研究院 南宁 530002;
2 广西贵港市平天山林场 广西贵港 537100
A Study of Bamboo Species Endemic to Guangxi and Their Protection
Huang Dayong1, Huang Dazhi2, Li Lijie1, Xu Zhenguo1, Li Juan1
1 Guangxi Forestry Research Institute, Nanning 530002, China;
2 Pingtianshan Forest Farm, Guigang 537100, Guangxi, China
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摘要 对广西自然分布的竹类植物进行归纳整理,在23属157种及变种中,广西特有竹种14属39种及变种,占广西竹种总数的24.8%。其中:簕竹属数量最多,有11种,大节竹属5种,其他属各1~3种。在这些特有竹种中,合轴丛生竹有6属16种,单轴散生竹有10属23种。分布于自然保护区内的11种竹种得到了较好的保护;分布于自然保护区外的28种竹种生境狭窄、环境恶化、日渐濒危。建议对自然保护区内的竹种进行原地保护,对自然保护区外的竹种尽快迁地保存;种群数量少的竹种要立法保护,经济价值、观赏价值较高的竹种要开发利用。
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黄大勇
黄大志
李立杰
徐振国
李娟
关键词 特有竹种资源保护广西    
Abstract:After the collection and pooling of the bamboo plants naturally distributed in Guangxi, it was found that, among the 157 species and varieties of bamboo plants belonging to 23 genera, there are 39 species and varieties of endemic bamboos of 14 genera in Guangxi, accounting for 24. 8% of the total bamboo species. Among them, there are 11 species of Bambusa, 5 species of Indosasa, and 1-3 species of other genera. In these endemic bamboos, there are 16 species of 6 genera sympodial bamboo, and 23 species of 10 genera monopndial bamboo. The 11 bamboo species which are distributed in protected areas have been better protected, while the 28 bamboo species which grow outside the protected area are becoming endangered due to the narrow habitat and the deteriorating environment. It is suggested that in-situ protection should be adopted for the bamboo species distributed in protected areas, and ex-situ conservation should be taken as soon as possible for the bamboo species growing outside the protected areas. For bamboo species with small population, legislation should be issued and implemented for enhancing their protection, and more efforts should be taken to develop and utilize the bamboo species with higher economic or ornamental value.
Key wordsendemic bamboo species    resources protection    Guangxi
     出版日期: 2018-05-21
基金资助:2015年广西科学研究与技术开发计划项目“广西濒危、特有竹种收集与繁育研究”(编号:桂科能1598025-50)。
作者简介: 黄大勇(1968-),男,广西贵港人,高级工程师,从事竹类栽培研究工作。E-mail:hdy2029@163.com。
引用本文:   
黄大勇, 黄大志, 李立杰, 徐振国, 李娟. 广西特有竹种及其保护研究[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2017, 15(4): 13-17,31.
Huang Dayong, Huang Dazhi, Li Lijie, Xu Zhenguo, Li Juan. A Study of Bamboo Species Endemic to Guangxi and Their Protection. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2017, 15(4): 13-17,31.
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http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2017.04.003      或      http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/Y2017/V15/I4/13
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