Abstract：In recent years, bamboo prices fell year by year, and the economic benefits of bamboo forest in Anji, Zhejiang Province had been affected by the economic situation at home and abroad. How to improve the productivity of moso bamboo forest and cultivate the large-diameter bamboo timber has become the main topic in bamboo forest management. The productivity of moso bamboo forest is closely related to the soil nutrients. In this study, the soil nutrients in the moso bamboo shoot-timber forest in the major producing areas of Anji were analyzed, and the relationship between bamboo forest management model, productivity and soil nutrients was discussed. The results showed that moso bamboo forest in Anji is generally in short of available potassium content, while the soil is abundant in organic matter content; the DBH of the moso bamboo forest increased with the increase of available phosphorus. Thus, phosphate fertilizer and potassium fertilizer should be applied to cultivate the large-diameter moso bamboo forest. The study could provide the references for the optimization of moso bamboo forest management, the improvement of forest production and the reasonable formulation of bamboo fertilization strategy.