Abstract：Fujian Province is largely covered by mountains and hills with thin soil layer, which is vulnerable for soil and water loss. The establishment of soil and water conservation forest is the major biological measure to control soil and water loss. Fujian is also the main place for bamboo plants in China, and many bamboo species have strong property in terms of soil and water retention. This paper, based on the available research results, selected the bamboo plants which are adaptable to the nature condition in Fujian, good in the performance in soil and water retention and relatively high in economic value. It was thought that six bamboo species, including Bambusa xiashanensis, B. sinospinosa, Phyllostachys vivax f. huanwenzhu, B. rigida, Oligostachyum lubricum, Dendrocalamus minor var. amoenus could be selected as the priority species for the soil and water loss contral in Fujian Province.