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世界竹藤通讯  2016, Vol. 14 Issue (2): 12-15     https://doi.org/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2016.02.003
  学术园地 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
麻竹林下环境因子对仿野生长裙竹荪产量影响研究
杨文英1, 吕玉奎1, 王玲1, 卢鹏2, 谢锦忠2
1 重庆市荣昌区林业科学技术推广站 重庆荣昌 402400;
2 中国林业科学研究院亚热带林业研究所 浙江富阳 311400
Effect of Environmental Factors in Understory Dendrocalamus latiflorus on the Yield of Imitative Wild Cultured Bamboo Fungus
Yang Wenying1, Lv Yukui1, Wang Ling1, Lu Peng2, Xie Jingzhong2
1 Rongchang Forestry Science and Technology Extension Station, Rongchang 402400, Chongqing, China;
2 Research Institute of Subtropical Forest, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Fuyang 311400, Zhejiang, China
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摘要 对比分析了麻竹林下仿野生条件栽培的"兴农"和"京平"2个品系的4个长裙竹荪品种的产量。结果显示:兴农D89与京平D89、兴农D1与京平D1产量无显著性差异,兴农D89、京平D89产量显著高于兴农D1、京平D1;温度、湿度、光照等相关环境因子对产量有一定的影响,麻竹林分郁闭度为0.7时的竹荪产量高于郁闭度为0.9和0.5时的产量,表明光照过强或光照不足均抑制竹荪产量;竹荪生长的林内最适生长温度为23~29℃,低于22℃或超过30℃时竹荪产量均显著下降;竹荪生长的林内最适湿度为65%~80%,湿度过高或过低均抑制竹荪产量。
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杨文英
吕玉奎
王玲
卢鹏
谢锦忠
关键词 麻竹林长裙竹荪光照温度湿度    
Abstract:This paper analyzed the yield of 4 varieties of bamboo fungus under the brands of XingNong and JingPing, which were imitated wild cultured under Dendrocalamus latiflorus. The results indicated that there is no significant difference between XingNong D89 and JingPing D89, and between XingNong D1 and JingPing D1, while the yield of XingNong D89 and JingPing D89is significantly higher than that of XingNong D1. The temperature, humidity, light and relevant environmental factors have certain impacts on the yield, and the canopy density of D. latiflorus is 0.7, the yield of bamboo fungus is higher than those with the canopy density at 0.9 and 0.5, which showed that strong light and weak light inhibit the yield of bamboo fungus. The optimum temperature is 23℃ to 29℃ for the growth of bamboo fungus, while the yield of bamboo fungus show a significant reduction when the temperature is lower than 22℃ or above 30℃. The optimum humidity for the bamboo fungus growth is 65%~80% at the understory D. latiflorus, and higher or lower humidity has a negative effect on its yield.
Key wordsDictyophora indusiata    bamboo fungus    light    temperature    humidity
     出版日期: 2018-05-21
基金资助:国家林业公益性行业科研专项经费项目(编号:201204711)。
通讯作者: 谢锦忠(1966-),男,博士,副研究员,主要从事竹类资源与利用研究,E-mail:jzhxie@163.net。     E-mail: jzhxie@163.net
作者简介: 杨文英(1986-),女,硕士,工程师,主要从事林业产业和技术推广工作。E-mail:598999807@qq.com。
引用本文:   
杨文英, 吕玉奎, 王玲, 卢鹏, 谢锦忠. 麻竹林下环境因子对仿野生长裙竹荪产量影响研究[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2016, 14(2): 12-15.
Yang Wenying, Lv Yukui, Wang Ling, Lu Peng, Xie Jingzhong. Effect of Environmental Factors in Understory Dendrocalamus latiflorus on the Yield of Imitative Wild Cultured Bamboo Fungus. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2016, 14(2): 12-15.
链接本文:  
http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2016.02.003      或      http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/Y2016/V14/I2/12
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