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世界竹藤通讯  2015, Vol. 13 Issue (5): 1-7     https://doi.org/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2015.05.001
  学术园地 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
赤水河流域毛竹林下植被生物量变化及乌骨鸡养殖技术研究
张喜1,2, 文弢1,2, 张佐玉1, 黄仕平3, 霍达1, 姜霞1, 袁克礼4, 沈晓君3, 黄小伟4
1 贵州省林业科学研究院 贵阳 550005;
2 贵州大学 贵阳 550025;
3 赤水市林业局 贵州赤水 564700;
4 赤水市竹产业
A Study of Vegetation Biomass Changes and Black-bone Chicken Breeding Technologies under Phyllostachys Pubesens Forest in Chishui River Basin
Zhang Xi1,2, Wen Tao1,2, Zhang Zuoyu1, Huang Shiping3, Huo Da1, Jiang Xia1, Yuan Keli4, Shen Xiaojun3, Huang Xiaowei4
1 Guizhou Provincial Academy of Forestry, Guiyang 550005, China;
2 Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China;
3 Chishui Municipal Forestry Bureau, Ghishui 564700, Guizhou, China;
4 Center for Bamboo Industry, Chishui 564700, Guizhou, China
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摘要 采用野外样地调查和企业(专业合作社)调研相结合的方法,研究了赤水河流域毛竹林下植被生物量变化及竹乡乌骨鸡养殖技术。结果表明:1)毛竹母竹林、丰产林、低产林和社区林的林下植被生物量分别为68.35 t/hm2、67.90 t/hm2、20.81 t/hm2和56.18 t/hm2,分别是地上植被生物量的45.39%、37.26%、10.84%和36.03%,其中灌木、草本及枯物层植物生物量所占比重分别为57.21%~74.68%、4.28%~10.24%和19.83%~32.54%;不同类型毛竹林林下植被生物量组成指标、林分结构和植物多样性指标差异显著。2)林下植被生物量受毛竹林植被一土壤系统的综合影响,与部分表层土壤理化指标、林分结构及植物多样性指标呈显著相关,林下植被生物量增加有利于毛竹林地土壤综合肥力提高,林下养殖竹乡乌骨鸡除减少林下植被生物量外,还可能增加表层土壤扰动、减少生物多样性和导致地力衰退。3)毛竹林下养殖竹乡乌骨鸡成倍增加林地产值,适宜750~1500只/hm2、每年1~2轮的养殖模式。
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张喜
文弢
张佐玉
黄仕平
霍达
姜霞
袁克礼
沈晓君
黄小伟
关键词 毛竹林竹乡乌骨鸡林下植被生物量养殖植物多样性地力赤水河流域    
Abstract:Vegetation biomass changes and breeding technologies of black-bone chicken(Gallus domesticus) under Phyllostaehys pubesens forest in Chishui River Basin located at Guizhou Province were studied by using field sample plots survey combined with enterprises/cooperative investigation.The results showed that:(1) Undergrowth biomass of mother forests,high-yield forest,low-yield forest and community forest of Ph.Pubesens was respectively 68.35 t/hm2,67.90 t/hm2,20.81t/hm2 and 56.18 t/hm2,accounting for 45.39%,37.26%,10.84% and 45.39%,respectively,of aboveground vegetation biomass,while the biomass of shrub,herb and ground litters took up 57.21-74.68%,4.28-10.24% and 19.83-32.54%,respectively.The indicators for undergrowth biomass composition,stand structure and plant diversity were found in significant difference between different types of Ph.Pubesens forest;(2) Undergrowth biomass,comprehensively affected by the vegetation-soil system of Ph.Pubesens forest,is significantly correlated with some indexes of surface soil physics and chemistry,stand structure and plant diversity.The increase of undergrowth biomass could increase soil fertility of Ph.Pubesens forest,while breeding black-bone chicken under bamboo forest may increase the surface soil disturbance,reduce biodiversity and lead to decline soil fertility in addition to reducing undergrowth biomass;(3) Net output of forest land increased multiply if black-bone chicken are bred at a suitable pattern for 750-1500 chickens/hm2 and 1-2 times/a year.
Key wordsPhyllostachys Pubesens forest    black-bone chicken at bamboo town    undergrowth biomass    breeding    plant diversity    soil fertility    Chishui River Basin
     出版日期: 2018-05-21
基金资助:贵州省林下经济发展模式与保障措施(黔科合R字[2014]2034);毛竹低产林改造技术规程(黔林科合[2012]04);竹产业关键技术研究与示范(黔科合重大专项[2007]6002)
作者简介: 张喜,研究员,主要从事竹林经营、森林生态学研究。E-mail:zhangxigzfa@tom.com。
引用本文:   
张喜, 文弢, 张佐玉, 黄仕平, 霍达, 姜霞, 袁克礼, 沈晓君, 黄小伟. 赤水河流域毛竹林下植被生物量变化及乌骨鸡养殖技术研究[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2015, 13(5): 1-7.
Zhang Xi, Wen Tao, Zhang Zuoyu, Huang Shiping, Huo Da, Jiang Xia, Yuan Keli, Shen Xiaojun, Huang Xiaowei. A Study of Vegetation Biomass Changes and Black-bone Chicken Breeding Technologies under Phyllostachys Pubesens Forest in Chishui River Basin. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2015, 13(5): 1-7.
链接本文:  
http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/10.13640/j.cnki.wbr.2015.05.001      或      http://www.cafwbr.net/CN/Y2015/V13/I5/1
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