Current Situation of Bamboo Resource Cultivation and Growth Potentials in Its Production in China
Zheng Shihui1, Liu Guanglu1,2, Yue Xianghua3, Yang Ming4, Yu Lin5, Zhao Jiancheng6, Nong Junqing1, Li Jiarui1
1. International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, National Forestry and Grassland Administration Key Laboratory of Science and Bamboo and Rattan, Beijing 100102, China; 2. Fujian Yong'an Bamboo Forest Ecosystem Positioning Observation and Research Station, Yong'an 366000, Fujian, China; 3. Sanya Research Base of International Bamboo and Rattan Center, Sanya 572000, Hainan, China; 4. Hunan Academy of Forestry, Changsha, 410018, China; 5. Jiangxi Academy of Forestry, Nanchang 330013, China; 6. Zhejiang Academy of Forestry, Hangzhou 310022, China
Abstract：The present situation of bamboo resource management and its potentials for increasing production in China are studied using literature review and questionnaire survey. The results show that the research and utilization of bamboo species are not sufficiently conducted in China. There are about 60 bamboo species reported in the literature, less than 10% of the total bamboo species, and moso bamboo is the main species. The proportion of low-yield and low-efficiency forest to the total bamboo forest is 45.8%, and therefore strengthening bamboo forest management can significantly improve the productivity of bamboo forests. The cost occurred in bamboo forest management is high, accounting for 40%-78% of the income produced by the management, which is an important factor restricting the bamboo forest management. Since 1973, the area of bamboo forest has increased at an annual rate of about 2.7%, which brings great potentials for increasing production. The paper suggests that the research and utilization of characteristic bamboo species should be boosted, the management level of bamboo forest should be improved while the cost should be reduced, and the supply capacity of bamboo resources should be enhanced, so as to better support the healthy development of bamboo industry.
郑世慧, 刘广路, 岳祥华, 杨明, 余林, 赵建诚, 农珺清, 李佳芮. 中国竹资源培育现状与增产潜力[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2022, 20(5): 75-80.
Zheng Shihui, Liu Guanglu, Yue Xianghua, Yang Ming, Yu Lin, Zhao Jiancheng, Nong Junqing, Li Jiarui. Current Situation of Bamboo Resource Cultivation and Growth Potentials in Its Production in China. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2022, 20(5): 75-80.