Shi Junyi1, Zhou Dequn2, Ma Lisha1, Yao Jun1, Zhang Demo3
1. Flower Research and Development Center of Southwest China, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China; 2. Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China; 3. Nanchuan Jinfoshan Forest Farm, Chongqing 408400, China
Abstract：Bamboo belongs to Bambusoideae, Gramineae (Poaceae). There are about 1 500 bamboo species around the world. The bamboo plants are widely distributed in China, ranging from the north to the south, spanning through the tropical, subtropical and temperate regions, and covering 21 provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and special economic zones, including Taiwan and Hong Kong. China is the country with the richest bamboo diversity and also the most abundant cultivating bamboo plantations in the world. Including 22 introduced species, China has a total of 753 bamboo species, which accounts for more than 50% of the world total bamboo species. Bamboo in China is rich not only in species diversity, but also in the origin, genetic evolution, internal structure, ecology and forest types. The diversity of bamboo at macro and micro levels is the legacy left by the nature to human beings, and also of great value for people to know and protect the nature and use the bamboo resources for the long-term interests of people. The article summarizes the diversity of bamboo in China in terms of species origin, ecology, forest type, morphology and genetics, which provides basic information for further discussion of bamboo diversity.
史军义, 周德群, 马丽莎, 姚俊, 张德模. 中国竹类多样性及其重要价值[J]. 世界竹藤通讯, 2020, 18(3): 55-65,72.
Shi Junyi, Zhou Dequn, Ma Lisha, Yao Jun, Zhang Demo. Diversity and Important Value of Bamboos in China. World Bamboo and Rattan, 2020, 18(3): 55-65,72.