Abstract：Bamboo charcoal is one of the processed bamboo products with the highest utilization rate and added value. Since the 1990s, China's bamboo charcoal industry has developed quickly, and 9 series of more than 300 products of bamboo charcoal and bamboo vinegar have been developed. In 2018, China produced 255 200 t bamboo charcoal, with an output value at 884 million yuan. Though the bamboo charcoal industry in China is embraced with good development opportunities, it also faces many challenges. This article summarizes the current situation of China's bamboo charcoal industry from the aspects of industrial development process, industrial cluster, industrial structure, industrial standards and platform support, analyzes the opportunities and challenges faced by the industrial development, and puts forward the basic ideas, target positioning, key areas and countermeasures for the further development of the industry.